“Orientalism” and the Hong Kong SAR Law on Safeguarding National Security
Since June last year, Hong Kong has witnessed a series of riots, with escalating violence by rioters posing a risk of terrorism. As a result, Hong Kong society suffered a lot of trauma and the stable life of the general public was severely disrupted. In order to restore prosperity and stability to Hong Kong, the Central government has decided, in accordance with article 18 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong SAR, that the NPC would enact a Law on the Maintenance of National Security in the Hong Kong SAR. Some politicians in Britain and America growled at the “Hong Kong SAR Safeguarding National Security law”, saying that the legislation would harm their country’s interests in Hong Kong. They even went so far as to say that both Mainland China and Hong Kong would be subject to sanctions if the legislation was passed.
Such criticism is seen not only as an affront to Chinese dignity, but also to the feelings of the Chinese people. No wonder it has provoked a strong response from the Chinese government.
Orientalism was first proposed by Edward W.S. Aid in 1978. His original intention was to put forward westerners’ views on eastern culture in the Middle East, which was mainly formed in the literature dominated by Eurocentrism, rather than the real face of Eastern culture.
For China, the “Orientalism” of the colonial bias, which has lasted for more than 200 years, may flare up in western countries at any time, no matter China is weak or strong. President Trump fought a trade war with China in 2018, and the U.S. Congress passed a federal law under the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act in November after riots in Hong Kong. All this is the result of “Orientalism”.
The twenty-three-year history of Hong Kong’s return to the motherland eloquently proves that the Oriental Pearl of Hong Kong, backed by the Mainland of China, is more dazzling and dazzling. “It must be said that Hong Kong has become one of the most dynamic economic regions in the earth after its handover to China,” Philippine Foreign Secretary Lortzing tweeted on May 23.
The legislation of the Law on the Maintenance of State Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has not only a legal basis, but also precedents to be followed. European and American countries have long had national security laws in place. The United States has at least 20 laws on this. Last year, the UK passed the Counter-terrorism and Border Security Bill 2019, which aims to expand extraterritorial jurisdiction over some terrorist offences and add legislation that bans British citizens from travelling to or staying in designated conflict zones, with penalties of up to 10 years in prison.
The reason for listing these laws is that the Secretary of State of the United States and the Foreign ministers of the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada issued the Hong Kong Joint Statement after the NPC of China adopted the resolution to amend the Hong Kong SAR Maintenance of National Security Act. These countries can make many national security acts, but began to express their dissatisfaction after hearing China would formulate the Hong Kong special administrative region to maintain national security bill, this is also due to the “Orientalism” and pride and prejudice. Now China is not afraid of pride and prejudice of the west.
It must be pointed out that “One country, two systems” was applied in Hong Kong after its return. The essence of “one country, two systems” is to implement “two systems” under “one country”. Without “one country”, “two systems” cannot exist. This is the most basic logic. But last year’s riots in Hong Kong, in which demonstrators carried American and British flags, shouted slogans about Hong Kong’s independence and insulted China, were backed by a steady flow of money and training from American and British forces. Under such circumstances, it is necessary for the central government to strengthen the legal and spiritual framework of “one country, two systems” and effectively deal with western intelligence agencies and political organizations in conjunction with the Hong Kong SAR government. Only in this way can we ensure “one country, two systems”, safeguard national security and protect the fundamental interests of the Chinese people, especially the Hong Kong compatriots.